Laser Therapy (Photobiomodulation)


Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT), Light Therapy, Cold Laser Therapy or Photobiomodulation.

Lasers have been used in medicine since as far back as 1967, but it is only in recent years that their use has risen dramatically. With over 200 clinical trials published to date on the subject, it is hard to ignore the benefits of laser therapy.

Reported benefits of treatment are reduced pain, reduced swelling and inflammation, and much faster healing; with virtually no side effects.

How it Works

Most of the effects of LLLT can be explained by light absorption in the mitochondria. Mitochondria make cellular energy (Adenosine Triphosphate [ATP]) from oxygen and pyruvate.

When tissues are stressed (ischemic) the mitochondria will make nitric oxide which competes with oxygen. This displacement of oxygen has negative effects such as reduced ATP synthesis and increased oxidative stress.


  • Reduced inflammation
  • Improved lymph flow
  • Reduced swelling/oedema
  • Analgesia /pain relief
  • Myofascial trigger points
  • Wound and soft tissue healing


  • Cancer – can’t treat directly over primary carcinoma or secondary metastasis
  • Eyes – lasers shouldn’t be pointed directly at the eyes
  • Pregnancy – consequences are unknown
  • Epileptics – pulsed visible light can be problematic for photosensitive patients

Conditions treated

  • Post surgery healing
  • Acute soft tissue injury
  • Bone fractures
  • Swelling/oedema
  • Ligament sprains
  • Tendon strains
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Neck and back pain
  • Myofascial trigger points
  • Plantar fasciitis
  • Tendonitis/tendonopathy
  • Fibromyalgia and Myofascial Pain Syndrome

Published research includes:

  • World Health Organization (WHO) Task Force on Neck Pain and its Associated Disorders systematic review
  • The Lancet systematic review of LLLT for Neck Pain
  • International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) fact sheets for Myofascial Pain Syndrome, Osteoarthritis, and Neck Pain
  • Clinical Evidence systematic review and guidelines for treating tennis elbow
  • American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) systematic review and clinical guidelines for achilles tendonopathy
  • British Journal of Sports Medicine (BJSM) systematic review for frozen shoulder
  • European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) clinical practice guidelines for oral mucositis

‘LLLT is a safe and effective treatment for faster healing, better tissue remodelling, reduced inflammation, and analgesia…

It is drug free and relatively side effect free and seems to work where other pharmaceuticals do not’

For more information on laser therapy treatments and research click here: